petrology, volcanology

Welded Tuff

Welded tuff is a type of pyroclastic rock. A pyroclastic deposit consists of fragmented material that is formed from explosive volcanic activity or from aerial expulsion from a volcanic event.  These pyroclasts may be deposited in the form of pyroclastic flows [a dense, ground-hugging cloud of ashy material], forming ignimbrites (Greek for “fire cloud material”).… Continue reading Welded Tuff

petrology, volcanology

Flow-banded rhyolite

Rhyolite is an igneous, extrusive volcanic rock high in silica forming typically in continental arc settings. The flow-banding in this sample is caused by the friction of the viscous magma in contact with a solid rock surface or by compaction, causing flattening and welding of shards and pummice. [Be prepared for pictures of a bunch… Continue reading Flow-banded rhyolite

petrology

Art of Geology

As a geologist, not only do you have to be good in math, chemistry, physics, history, and writing, but you also kind of need to be decent at art. These are thin sections of magmatic rocks with my accompanying petrographic sketches. For a relatively small little circle, these guys take a really long time to… Continue reading Art of Geology

petrology

Dunite

Thin section of dunite under XPL.  Dunite is a type of peridotite that contains over 90% olivine and may either be found in ophiolitic complexes or xenoliths in basalt lavas. Note the ‘bubble’ texture of the vibrant birefringent olivine grains at the top and bottom of the image, and the serpentine (gray and white) and… Continue reading Dunite